Egypt, region located in the northeastern corner of Africa. Egypt’s heartland, the Nile River valley and delta, was the home of one of the principal civilizations in the ancient Center East and, like Mesopotamia farther east, was the website of one of many planet’s earliest urban and literate societies. Pharaonic Egypt thrived for many 3,000 a long time through a number of native dynasties which were interspersed with quick intervals of foreign rule. Following Alexander The nice conquered the area in 323 BC.
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Egypt’s land frontiers border Libya for the west, Sudan to the south, and Israel to your northeast. Egypt’s border with Sudan is notable for two parts, the Hala’ib Triangle along the Purple Sea and Bir Tawil additional inland, that happen to be topic to differing statements by The 2 countries (see ). From the north its Mediterranean coastline is about:
- 620 miles (one,000 km),
- in the east its coastline about the Purple Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba is about 1,two hundred miles (one,900 km).
The Nile valley and delta
The Nile delta, or Decreased Egypt, handles a region of nine,650 sq. miles (25,000 sq km).
It truly is about one hundred miles (one hundred sixty km) prolonged from Cairo to your Mediterranean, that has a coastline stretching some a hundred and fifty miles (240 km) from Alexandria to Port Claimed.
As lots of as 7 branches on the river after flowed throughout the delta, but its waters are now concentrated in two
- the Damietta Department
- the Rosetta Department
Even though entirely flat apart see this here from an occasional mound projecting in the alluvium, the delta is way from featureless; it really is crisscrossed by a maze of canals and drainage channels
The Japanese Desert
The Jap Desert comprises Practically a single-fourth of the land floor of Egypt and covers a location of about 85,690 sq. miles (221,900 square km).
The northern tier is really a limestone plateau consisting of:
- rolling hills
- stretching from the Mediterranean coastal basic to a degree roughly reverse Qinā on the Nile.
In close proximity to Qinā, the plateau breaks up into cliffs about one,600 feet (500 metres) superior and is also deeply scored by wadis, which make the terrain quite challenging to traverse.
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